Supraventricular Arrhythmia | Heart & Vascular | Loyola Medicine

Supraventricular Arrhythmia

Overview and Facts about Supraventricular Arrhythmia

Supraventricular arrhythmia, more commonly known as SVT, is a heart condition where you have a faster heartbeat than normal. Normally, a person’s heart beats somewhere between 60 to 100 beats per minute. If you have SVT, your heart may beat over this rate.

Overall, SVT encompasses a number of heart conditions and arrhythmias that occur in the AV node of the heart, not involving the heart’s ventricles (the two lower chambers of the heart).

Causes and Risk Factors of Supraventricular Arrhythmia

In many cases of supraventricular arrhythmia, there is a trigger that sets off symptoms. Some common triggers that doctors have identified include:

  • Stress
  • Lack of sleep
  • Physical activity
  • Having too much caffeine
  • Using certain drugs or medications
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Heart, lung, or thyroid disease
  • Surgery
  • Being pregnant
  • Heart failure or other heart conditions​

Overall, SVT is most common in infants and children, and usually happens twice as often in women (especially pregnant women). However, there are certain kinds of SVT's that affect primarily middle-aged people, likely due to their greater risk of other heart problems.

Signs and Symptoms of Supraventricular Arrhythmia

The symptoms of SVT don’t affect people all the time. In fact, you might go weeks without having any problems. When you do start having symptoms of SVT, they might last anywhere from a few minutes to a few days at a time. Common symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling lightheaded
  • Having a fluttering feeling in your chest
  • Having a rapid heartbeat
  • Sweating without exertion
  • Fainting
  • Having a pounding feeling in your neck

Tests and Diagnosis of Supraventricular Arrhythmia

To confirm you have SVT, your doctor might perform several tests. These can include:

  • A test to look at your thyroid function
  • An ECG to look at the electrical activity in your heart
  • An event monitor that records your heart’s activity, whenever you are having symptoms
  • A Holter monitor that you’ll wear for a day to record your heart’s activity
  • An echocardiogram to look at the physical structures of your heart
  • A stress test to see if your abnormal heartbeat is triggered by physical activity
  • A tilt table test to see if your heartbeat changes, when you move from a horizontal to a vertical position

Treatment and Care for Supraventricular Arrhythmia

Most cases of SVT do not require treatment, as the symptoms are not life-threatening. For severe cases, your doctor may try some of the following to bring your heartbeat down to normal levels:

  • Carotid sinus massage to release chemicals that slow down your heartbeat naturally
  • Cardioversion to shock the heart and restore normal electrical function
  • Vagal maneuvers, which involve holding your breath, coughing, or splashing yourself with ice water
  • Catheter ablation to burn away the part of your heart that’s responsible for your arrhythmia
  • Medications to help your heartbeat return to normal

Your doctor will also recommend several lifestyle changes to naturally control your symptoms, such as eating healthy, exercising regularly, and quitting smoking.