Bone Cancer Care

Advanced Treatment of Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors

The orthopaedic oncology group at Loyola Medicine brings an integrated approach to treating bone and soft tissue tumors, which can include both benign and malignant bone tumors. 

Why Choose Loyola Medicine for Orthopaedic Oncology Treatment?

Loyola’s orthopaedic specialists coordinate care with surgical oncologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists and tumor imaging specialists to deliver the highest level of care. Our doctors aim to evaluate and diagnose your condition promptly with advanced imaging and biopsy techniques.

Loyola also offers clinical trials which may not be available at other medical centers for the benefit of patients with bone tumors. 

What Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors are Treated?

Loyola’s expert in orthopaedic oncology has vast experience treating a wide range of benign and malignant bone and soft tissue tumors. These tumors may appear in the extremities, pelvis, spine, sternum, ribs and elsewhere. 

Benign bone tumors do not spread to other parts of the body, are usually not life-threatening and can usually be treated surgically. Malignant bone tumors may metastasize (spread) to other parts of the body. 

Benign (noncancerous) tumors treated at Loyola include:

  • Unicameral bone cyst (UBC)/Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC)
  • Osteochondroma
  • Enchondroma
  • Giant cell tumor of bone
  • Chondroblastoma
  • Osteoid osteoma
  • Lipoma
  • Hemangioma
  • Neurofibroma/Schwannoma

Some of the malignant (cancerous) tumors treated at Loyola include:

  • Osteosarcoma
  • Ewing’s sarcoma
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Chordoma
  • Soft tissue sarcoma (undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma/malignant fibrous histiocytoma, synovial sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, angiosarcoma and liposarcoma)

Loyola’s expert orthopaedic surgeons also treat metastatic bone disease, multiple myeloma and lymphoma.

How are Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors Diagnosed?

Some people with a bone tumor may notice a painless mass on an arm or a leg. Others may experience pain or break a bone due to the tumor in the bone. Some bone tumors are found during an imaging test for another medical reason. If you think you may have a bone tumor, make an appointment to see a Loyola doctor as soon as possible. 

Your Loyola doctor will order imaging tests to diagnose bone cancer. This may include X-rays, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or CT scans (computed tomography). Your doctor may also order blood or urine tests and may perform a biopsy if a tumor is found. 

How are Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors Treated?

At Loyola, a multidisciplinary team will care for you and determine the best course of treatment for your specific case. Loyola’s expert team has access to the most advanced imaging, medical and surgical tools available. 

For patients with benign bone tumors, many will require no treatment but may need to be monitored. Some benign tumors are removed due to pain or suspicion that they may grow, become cancerous or may spread. 

For patients with malignant bone tumors, your Loyola healthcare team will focus on treating your cancer and preserving function in the affected part of the body. The location, size and stage of your tumor will help your Loyola doctors determine your best possible treatment plan. Your treatment for malignant bone tumors may include:

  • Surgery (limb-sparing or amputation)
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy

Tumors in the arms and legs are approached with great care and precision. In many cases where a bone tumor affects an extremity, patients can receive limb-sparing surgery. A prosthesis or bone implant may be used to replace a section of bone that needs to be removed. In cases where the tumor is very large and involves blood vessels and nerves, amputation may be recommended by your Loyola doctor as a last option after all other treatments have been considered.