Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Texting Gloves Dangerous in Winter, Loyola Specialist Says

Unprotected Fingers, Toes, Ears and Noses Susceptible to Frostbite

MAYWOOD, Ill. - The popular half-gloves that leave fingers uncovered for texting may be good for communicating electronically, but they may also lead to permanent loss of fingers due to exposure to the cold.

“Fingers are one of the first body parts to feel the effects of the cold and damp, and along with toes, ears and the nose, are frequently subjected to frostbite and even amputation,” said Arthur Sanford, MD, Division of Trauma, Surgical Critical Care and Burns, Loyola University Health System. “Better to fat finger a text due to winter gloves than to lose a finger due to the cold."

Frostbite is most likely to happen in body parts farthest from the heart and those with large exposed areas. “Blood vessels start to constrict at or below 90 degrees Fahrenheit to preserve body temperature,” Sanford said. “The lack of blood in these areas of the body can lead to freezing and the death of skin tissue."

Sanford said he treats frostbite in people of all ages. “The senior citizen who goes out in the snow to get her mail, falls, breaks a hip and lies in the cold and wet until being discovered is a typical victim of frostbite,” he said. “But the younger person who goes on a drinking bender and walks home in the snow and damp is also a familiar sight at Loyola trauma."

When suffering from prolonged exposure to cold, use room temperature or slightly warm water to gently revitalize the body. “Do not use hot water, do not rub with handfuls of snow and do not vigorously massage the frozen area,” Sanford warned. Overstimulation can actually worsen the situation.

Winter wellness tips from Sanford and Loyola:

  • Dress in layers. “If a sweater, pair of socks or other article of clothing gets wet, you can quickly remove it and still be protected from the cold and wet,” he said. 
    Wear a hat, gloves or mittens and proper footwear, including socks and boots. “Texting gloves may look cool and be handy for communicating, but it is better to wear full gloves or mittens and save your fingers,” Sanford said.
  • When outerwear becomes wet, go inside and change to dry clothing. “Wet socks are especially dangerous and can lead to a condition called trench foot, which results in poor blood circulation, tissue decay, infections and even amputation,” he said.
  • If the affected area becomes numb, turns red or blue, swells or feels hot, go to the Emergency Department. “An Emergency physician will assess the tissue and take the proper steps to save the body part,” Sanford said.

Hypothermia, when the body temperature is below 95 degrees F (35 degrees C), was the cause of death for 700 Americans between 1979 and 1998.  “ ‘Frostbite in January, operate in July,’ is a common mantra here at Loyola,” Sanford said. “Bundling up for winter may take you out of media circulation temporarily but better that than to permanently lose the ability to text due to frostbite.”

About Loyola University Health System

Loyola University Health System (LUHS) is a member of Trinity Health. Based in the western suburbs of Chicago, LUHS is a quaternary care system that includes Loyola University Medical Center (LUMC), located on a 61-acre campus in Maywood, Gottlieb Memorial Hospital (GMH), on a 36-acre campus in Melrose Park, and convenient locations offering primary and specialty care services throughout Cook, Will and DuPage counties. At the heart of LUMC is a 547-licensed-bed hospital that houses the Center for Heart & Vascular Medicine, the Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, a Level 1 trauma center, a burn center, a children's hospital, Loyola Outpatient Center, and Loyola Oral Health Center. The campus also is home to Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing and the Loyola Center for Fitness. The GMH campus includes a 254-licensed-bed community hospital, a Professional Office Building with 150 private practice clinics, an adult day care program, the Gottlieb Center for Fitness, the Loyola Center for Metabolic Surgery and Bariatric Care and the Loyola Cancer Care & Research at the Marjorie G. Weinberg Cancer Center at Melrose Park.

Trinity Health is one of the largest multi-institutional Catholic health care delivery systems in the nation. It serves people and communities in 22 states from coast to coast with 93 hospitals, and 120 continuing care locations — including home care, hospice, PACE and senior living facilities — that provide nearly 2.5 million visits annually.