Monday, June 15, 2015

Loyola Physicians Give Toy Safety Tips For Christmas

Some gifts contain dangerous lead, magnets; can pose choking, injury hazard

MAYWOOD, Ill. -- The right toy can make the Christmas season the most wonderful time of the year for children and their parents.

But the wrong toy can make this season a time of pain, grief and regret for families with children who suffer injuries or death from toys they never should have been given in the first place, according to medical experts at Loyola University Health System.

"Sometimes the toys children want and what their parents give them are not the best choice for them in terms of safety," said Dr. Thomas Esposito, professor of surgery and chief of the division of trauma, surgical critical care and burns in the department of surgery, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. "Many toys are not appropriate for a child's age and can cause choking, severe injuries, poisonings and sometime fatalities."

In 2007, 232,900 toy-related injuries involving all ages were treated at emergency departments in the United States, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). That same year, 18 children under age 15 died in toy-related incidents. Most of the injuries were from lacerations, contusions and abrasions to the face and head. Most of the deaths were caused by small balls, balloons and riding toys such as tricycles and non-motorized scooters.

"No matter the season -- winter, spring, summer or fall -- injuries and deaths such as those related to the choice of the wrong toy aren't accidental. They are really risks that are unrecognized, unheeded and poorly managed," Esposito said.

To lower such risks, when shopping for toys parents should first become informed consumers and readers of labels. Consumer Web sites and package labeling contain the manufacturer's recommendations and other important information. Instructions should be clear and easy to follow. No matter how much the child may want the toy, select only those that suit the age, abilities, skills and interest of the child. Toys that are too advanced may pose safety hazards to younger children.

"Children less than 8 years old should never be given toys that have sharp points and edges, have batteries that can be swallowed or that have heating elements that can cause severe burns," Esposito said. "Parents with infants, toddlers and children that still mouth objects shouldn't even dream of buying toys that contain small parts that can cause choking."

Beyond reading the label, parents should give any potential toy purchase a thorough inspection, Esposito said. Take the toy out of the box and examine it to make sure its construction is sturdy. Twist and pull small parts to make sure they are securely attached.

"It's a good idea to open up any drawers on the toy and search inside for hidden objects that could pose a choking hazard. Immediately discard the plastic wrappings, which can cause suffocation or choking," added Dr. Mark Cichon, director of emergency medical services at Loyola.

Children younger than 8 should also never be given toys that contain tiny magnets, such as building sets and magnetic dart boards, said Dr. James Berman, associate professor, pediatric gastroenterology, Stritch School of Medicine. The magnets can be easily dislodged from the toy and swallowed by children.

"In many instances parents may not know that their child has swallowed a magnet until it is too late," said Berman, who has treated a number of children who have ingested magnets. "The symptoms may initially appear mild, mimicking a tummy ache for instance. However, if not treated quickly, magnets can cause tears in the intestines. Children have become seriously ill from magnets and some have died."

Nothing is more attractive to children than toys with bright colorings. But parents should beware. Brightly colored toys can pose a dangerous health risk to children from lead-based paint. So far in 2008, the CSPC has ordered the removal of 45 types of toys from store shelves in the U.S. due to high lead counts. In 2007, agency ordered the removal of 97 types of toys.

"Children are mostly affected by lead poisoning because of their habits of putting things into their mouths," said Dr. Christina Hantsch, a toxicologist and associate professor, emergency medical services, Stritch School of Medicine. "Unfortunately, children's systems easily absorb lead. Lead poisoning can cause long-term mental and physical problems, and in some cases death."

For more information on toy recalls, go to or the Illinois Attorney General Web page at For more information on poisoning, go to or call your local poison center at (800) 222-1222.

To arrange interviews, call Perry Drake in Loyola Media Relations, (708) 216-7940. Cell: (708) 441-7736.

About Loyola University Health System

Loyola University Health System (LUHS) is part of Trinity Health. Based in the western suburbs of Chicago, LUHS is a quaternary care system with a 61-acre main medical center campus, the 36-acre Gottlieb Memorial Hospital campus and more than 30 primary and specialty care facilities in Cook, Will and DuPage counties. Loyola University Medical Center’s campus is conveniently located in Maywood, 13 miles west of Chicago’s Loop and 8 miles east of Oak Brook, Ill. At the heart of the medical center campus is a 559-licensed-bed hospital that houses a Level 1 Trauma Center, a Burn Center and the Ronald McDonald® Children's Hospital of Loyola University Medical Center. Also on campus are the Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola Outpatient Center, Center for Heart & Vascular Medicine and Loyola Oral Health Center as well as Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing and the Loyola Center for Fitness. Loyola's Gottlieb campus in Melrose Park includes the 255-licensed-bed community hospital, the Professional Office Building housing 150 private practice clinics, the Adult Day Care, the Gottlieb Center for Fitness, Loyola Center for Metabolic Surgery and Bariatric Care and the Loyola Cancer Care & Research at the Marjorie G. Weinberg Cancer Center at Melrose Park.

Trinity Health is a national Catholic health system with an enduring legacy and a steadfast mission to be a transforming and healing presence within the communities we serve. Trinity is committed to being a people-centered health care system that enables better health, better care and lower costs. Trinity Health has 88 hospitals and hundreds of continuing care facilities, home care agencies and outpatient centers in 21 states and 119,000 employees.