Loyola Medicine Enrolling Patients in Landmark Trial of New Procedure to Treat Atrial Fibrillation | Heart & Vascular | Loyola Medicine
Thursday, March 31, 2016

Loyola Medicine Enrolling Patients in Landmark Trial of New Procedure to Treat Atrial Fibrillation

MAYWOOD, IL – Loyola  Medicine is enrolling patients in a landmark clinical trial of a new procedure to treat atrial fibrillation, the most common type of irregular heartbeat.

The clinical trial will combine the standard catheter ablation treatment for atrial fibrillation (AFib) with a new procedure called a Lariat left atrial appendage ligation, in which a physician uses a tiny lasso to tie off a thumb-size pouch attached to the heart.

The primary purpose of the study is to determine whether the combined Lariat/ablation treatment is more effective in eliminating AFib at 12 months than ablation alone.

A second potential benefit of the Lariat is in reducing the risk of life-threatening blood clots. AFib patients, who are at risk for such clots, typically are put on blood thinners such as warfarin (Coumadin®). “By eliminating a main source of blood clots, the Lariat procedure can be particularly beneficial to patients who cannot tolerate blood thinners,” said Loyola electrophysiologist Smit Vasaiwala, MD. (An electrophysiologist is a cardiologist who treats heart rhythm disorders.)
 
In a Loyola pilot study that helped pave the way for the trial, Dr. Vasaiwala recently performed the Lariat procedure on Gerald Primozic, a semi-retired executive from Homer Glen, Illinois. Mr. Primozic could not take blood thinners because he was at risk for a brain bleed. Thus, he was a perfect candidate for the Lariat procedure, according to Dr. Vasaiwala.
 
In addition to performing the Lariat procedure, Dr. Vasaiwala, assistant professor in the division of cardiology at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, treated Mr. Primozic’s AFib with the standard catheter ablation treatment.
 
“I went home the next day and feel great,” Mr. Primozic said. “My only discomfort was some soreness where one of the catheters was inserted.”

An estimated 2.7 to 6.1 million Americans – including 9 percent of those over age 65 – have AFib, according to the U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Symptoms include heart palpitations, lightheadedness, fatigue, shortness of breath and chest pain. AFib increases a person’s risk for stroke by four to five times.

In AFib, electrical signals that regulate the heartbeat become erratic. Instead of beating regularly, the upper chambers of the heart quiver and blood doesn’t flow well. Some of the erratic electrical signals originate in the troublesome thumb-size pouch, called the left atrial appendage. In the new Lariat procedure, an electrophysiologist uses two catheters to tighten a loop of suture material – similar to a lasso – around the base of the left atrial appendage. This seals the appendage off from the rest of the heart. The appendage shrivels up and becomes harmless scar tissue.
 
The clinical trial, called aMAZE, will enroll as many as 600 AFib patients at as many as 50 centers nationwide. One group of patients will be randomly assigned to undergo the Lariat procedure in addition to receiving catheter ablation. They will be compared with a control group of AFib patients who will undergo catheter ablation alone.

In patients with a normal heartbeat, the left atrial appendage squeezes with the rest of the heart, ejecting blood with each beat. But in patients with AFib, the appendage no longer rhythmically contracts, creating a sluggish blood flow that can cause blood to pool and clot. Blood clots subsequently can travel to the brain and cause strokes. The appendage also contains many of the sources that maintain AFib, so eliminating it also may reduce the risk of future AFib recurrences.
 
Dr. Vasaiwala said patients who undergo the Lariat procedure are relieved to go off blood thinners. The medications increase the risk of bleeding and bruising and restrict participation in activities such as contact sports. Blood thinners can cause stomach pain and other side effects. The medications also are expensive, costing up to $300 per month.
 
Loyola cardiologist David Wilber, MD, is co-chair of the national aMAZE trial. Dr. Wilber is the director of cardiology and clinical electrophysiology at Loyola University Medical Center.

The aMAZE trial is open to patients with persistent AFib that has failed to respond to at least one AFib medication. For more information, call Loyola at 708-216-9449, Option 2. Visit the aMAZE trial website http://www.amazetrial.com/.
 
Loyola Medicine’s electrophysiologists are among the nation's leaders in the care of adults and children with heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias). Services include diagnostic EP studies, cardioversions or application of electrical current to restore normal heartbeat, ablation procedures and pacemaker and defibrillator implantations.

About Loyola Medicine and Trinity Health

Loyola Medicine, a member of Trinity Health, is a quaternary care system based in the western suburbs of Chicago that includes Loyola University Medical Center (LUMC), Gottlieb Memorial Hospital, MacNeal Hospital and convenient locations offering primary and specialty care services from 1,877 physicians throughout Cook, Will and DuPage counties. LUMC is a 547-licensed-bed hospital in Maywood that includes the William G. and Mary A. Ryan Center for Heart & Vascular Medicine, the Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, a Level 1 trauma center, Illinois's largest burn center, a certified comprehensive stroke center and a children’s hospital. Having delivered compassionate care for over 50 years, Loyola also trains the next generation of caregivers through its teaching affiliation with Loyola University Chicago’s Stritch School of Medicine and Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing. Gottlieb is a 247-licensed-bed community hospital in Melrose Park with 150 physician offices, an adult day care program, the Gottlieb Center for Fitness, the Loyola Center for Metabolic Surgery and Bariatric Care and the Loyola Cancer Care & Research at the Marjorie G. Weinberg Cancer Center at Melrose Park. MacNeal Hospital is a 374-bed teaching hospital in Berwyn with advanced inpatient and outpatient medical, surgical and psychiatric services, advanced diagnostics and treatments. MacNeal has a 12-bed acute rehabilitation unit, a 25-bed inpatient skilled nursing facility, and a 68-bed behavioral health program and community clinics. MacNeal has provided quality, patient-centered care to the near west suburbs since 1919.

Trinity Health is one of the largest multi-institutional Catholic healthcare systems in the nation, serving diverse communities that include more than 30 million people across 22 states. Trinity Health includes 94 hospitals, as well as 109 continuing care locations that include PACE programs, senior living facilities and home care and hospice services. Its continuing care programs provide nearly 2.5 million visits annually. Based in Livonia, Mich., and with annual operating revenues of $18.3 billion and assets of $26.2 billion, the organization returns $1.1 billion to its communities annually in the form of charity care and other community benefit programs. Trinity employs about 133,000 colleagues, including 7,800 employed physicians and clinicians. Committed to those who are poor and underserved in its communities, Trinity is known for its focus on the country's aging population. As a single, unified ministry, the organization is the innovator of Senior Emergency Departments, the largest not-for-profit provider of home health care services—ranked by number of visits—in the nation, as well as the nation’s leading provider of PACE (Program of All Inclusive Care for the Elderly) based on the number of available programs.