Tuesday, July 5, 2011

Go to Camp, Visit Grandma, Get Tonsils Removed

Tonsillectomy A Common Theme in Summer Activities

MELROSE PARK, Ill.—Scheduling a tonsil removal figures into many parents’ plans for their children’s summer vacation, right up there with summer camp stays and family reunions. An estimated 500,000 children have the procedure each year. “Kids need from 10 days to two weeks of recovery time, so summer offers an ideal opportunity to get tonsil removal out of the way without interfering with school or winter holidays,” said Dr. Laura Cozzi, otolaryngologist, Gottlieb Memorial Hospital, part of Loyola University Health System (LUHS). Dr. Cozzi sees a jump in her surgeries at the Gottlieb campus beginning in June and then it settles down in August. “Improving breathing, eliminating snoring and reducing colds and ear infections are usually the reasons for having tonsils removed – usually nothing life-threatening or urgent so the surgery can be arranged when it is most convenient,” Dr. Cozzi said. Sleep disturbances are the most common reason for tonsillectomies in children, as well as in adults. “Enlarged tonsils and adenoids prevent proper air flow, leading to frequent waking during sleep and also loud snoring,” Dr. Cozzi said. “This lack of healthful sleep can cause irritability, poor performance in school and even in very rare cases, developmental delays.” The rate of tonsillectomies among girls is twice that of boys, while the rate of adenoidectomy is about 1.5 times as high in boys as girls. The most common age for tonsil removal is between 3 and 7. “Tonsils usually shrink between the ages of 7 and 8. If they don’t, many parents of these school-age children want them removed to prevent existing or recurring health problems,” she said. Tonsils are lymph tissue in the throat that help fight infections. People actually have three sets of tonsils; the set of tonsils visible in the back of the throat are removed as well as the adenoids, which are also located in the back of the nose and are not visible. “Tonsils and adenoids become enlarged due to chronic infections,” Dr. Cozzi explained. “Tonsils are graded in size from 1 to 4, with the largest commonly called ‘kissing tonsils’ because they are so large they bump each other.” The larger tonsils often produce a husky-sounding voice and children, in addition to snoring, may have trouble swallowing certain foods.

The tonsils are removed with a scalpel, a heated instrument or a Coblator®, in an outpatient surgery. “Many parents remember staying in a hospital overnight as children after having tonsils removed, but today the surgery takes about one hour and children go home to continue their recovery, which is less traumatic and preferred by parents and young patients,” Dr. Cozzi said. A tonsillectomy is the most common major surgery in children. Here are tips from Dr. Cozzi on whether your child needs to have tonsils and/or adenoids removed: • Your child regularly breathes through his or her mouth • Loud snoring, movement, repeated awakening during sleep • Recurring ear infections or sore throats that often lead to greater likelihood of susceptibility to other illnesses • Persistent runny nose, cough or other sign of a cold • Debris often trapped or caught in tonsil pockets, creating “white spots” or foul odor • Visibly large tonsils

“While eating lots of ice cream is often cited by parents to their children as an encouragement to having the surgery, it is really more important that lots of liquids be consumed, to avoid dehydration,” Dr. Cozzi said. “But my patients like the idea that they can watch TV, play video games and surf the Net more than usual during their recovery.”

About Loyola University Health System

Loyola University Health System (LUHS) is part of Trinity Health. Based in the western suburbs of Chicago, LUHS is a quaternary care system with a 61-acre main medical center campus, the 36-acre Gottlieb Memorial Hospital campus and more than 30 primary and specialty care facilities in Cook, Will and DuPage counties. Loyola University Medical Center’s campus is conveniently located in Maywood, 13 miles west of Chicago’s Loop and 8 miles east of Oak Brook, Ill. At the heart of the medical center campus is a 559-licensed-bed hospital that houses a Level 1 Trauma Center, a Burn Center and the Ronald McDonald® Children's Hospital of Loyola University Medical Center. Also on campus are the Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola Outpatient Center, Center for Heart & Vascular Medicine and Loyola Oral Health Center as well as Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing and the Loyola Center for Fitness. Loyola's Gottlieb campus in Melrose Park includes the 255-licensed-bed community hospital, the Professional Office Building housing 150 private practice clinics, the Adult Day Care, the Gottlieb Center for Fitness, Loyola Center for Metabolic Surgery and Bariatric Care and the Loyola Cancer Care & Research at the Marjorie G. Weinberg Cancer Center at Melrose Park.

Trinity Health is a national Catholic health system with an enduring legacy and a steadfast mission to be a transforming and healing presence within the communities we serve. Trinity is committed to being a people-centered health care system that enables better health, better care and lower costs. Trinity Health has 88 hospitals and hundreds of continuing care facilities, home care agencies and outpatient centers in 21 states and 119,000 employees.