Thursday, June 5, 2014

Bounce house safety tips may save you a trip to the ER

Summer block party season is here and that means inflatable bounce houses will be springing up in neighborhoods across the country. As kids jump into this fun summer activity it’s important to ensure they are safe.

“Bounce houses are a great way to get kids active and are considered a relatively manageable risk since the severity of injuries is usually less than that of a trampoline. Still, injuries and fractures are fairly common from bounce house play and parents need to supervise the children,” said Teresa Cappello, MD, pediatric orthopaedic surgeon at Loyola University Health System in Maywood, Ill., and assistant professor in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine.

The most common bounce house injury in children occurs in the upper extremities, especially the elbow. The injuries usually are caused by a collision between jumpers, a fall onto an outstretched hand inside the bounce house or if a child falls out of the bounce house.

“Though bounce houses are a great source of entertainment for kids, they still require adult supervision. If you have a bounce house in your back yard or neighborhood party, please make sure a responsible adult is monitoring what’s going on at all times,” Cappello said.

Injuries inside bounce houses commonly happen when children of different ages and sizes are jumping at the same time. Cappello suggests parents place the children into small groups by age and size and have an adult at the entrance to ensure the appropriate kids are playing together and that no one falls out.

“I have had to take my own kids out of bounce houses because they were in danger. If you have a 4-year-old and 12-year-old bouncing together, someone is going to get hurt. Parents need to enforce the separation of ages when playing and have kids take turns in the house,” Cappello said.

It’s also important to limit the number of children in a bounce house at a time. If there are too many children, they are more likely to fall out of the entrance and injure themselves on the hard ground.

“It’s more fun for kids if they have space to jump and play, and it’s always a good lesson to learn to take turns. If you’re planning a party, add bounce house monitor to your list of volunteer duties. Adult supervision really is the best way to prevent injuries,” Cappello said.

If a child is injured, Cappello says to separate the child from the crowd and examine the injury. If there is a physical deformity or asymmetry in the extremities, she says to go immediately to the emergency room. If the extremity looks normal, it’s OK to wait until the next day. If the pain has not resolved, then it’s best to see a doctor.

“Often parents think if a child can move the arm, then it’s not broken. This is not always the case in kids. Many times children are able to move their arms even if there is a broken bone. If the child is still in pain the following day, even if the child can move the injured extremity, he or she should be seen by a physician and have an X-ray,” Cappello said.

As with all physical activities, bounce houses have their risks. But with adult supervision and a few rules, it can be a great physical activity for kids.

“All childhood activities have a certain level of risk of injury. As parents we have to realize kids will sometimes get hurt, but we need to be vigilant to help avoid this as much as possible and keep our kids safe from serious injuries,” Cappello said.

About Loyola University Health System

Loyola University Health System (LUHS) is a member of Trinity Health. Based in the western suburbs of Chicago, LUHS is a quaternary care system with a 61-acre main medical center campus, the 36-acre Gottlieb Memorial Hospital campus and more than 30 primary and specialty care facilities in Cook, Will and DuPage counties. Loyola University Medical Center’s campus is conveniently located in Maywood, 13 miles west of Chicago’s Loop and 8 miles east of Oak Brook, Ill. At the heart of the medical center campus is a 559-licensed-bed hospital that houses a Level 1 Trauma Center, a Burn Center and the Ronald McDonald® Children's Hospital of Loyola University Medical Center. Also on campus are the Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola Outpatient Center, Center for Heart & Vascular Medicine and Loyola Oral Health Center as well as Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing and the Loyola Center for Fitness. Loyola's Gottlieb campus in Melrose Park includes the 255-licensed-bed community hospital, the Professional Office Building housing 150 private practice clinics, the Adult Day Care, the Gottlieb Center for Fitness, Loyola Center for Metabolic Surgery and Bariatric Care and the Loyola Cancer Care & Research at the Marjorie G. Weinberg Cancer Center at Melrose Park.

Trinity Health is one of the largest multi-institutional Catholic health care delivery systems in the nation. It serves people and communities in 22 states from coast to coast with 92 hospitals, and 120 continuing care locations — including home care, hospice, PACE and senior living facilities - that provide nearly 2.5 million visits annually.