Pulmonologist: Majid Afshar, MD, MS | Loyola Medicine

Majid Afshar, MD, MS

Majid Afshar, MD, MS


Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
Assistant Professor

Languages Spoken


Clinical Expertise

  • Acute Respiratory Failure
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Sepsis

About Dr. Afshar

Hiking- Travel, Wine and Food

Medical Education

Medical School
Rush Medical College of Rush University
Rush University Medical Center - Internal Medicine
  • University of Maryland/VAMC Baltimore - Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

Board Certification

American Board of Internal Medicine
American Board of Internal Medicine Subspecialty Pulmonary Disease
American Board of Preventive Medicine


  • The authors reply. Afshar, M; Markossian, T; Joyce, C, Critical care medicine
  • The Effect of Hospital Discharge with Empiric Noninvasive Ventilation on Mortality in Hospitalized Patients with Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis. Mokhlesi, B; Masa, JF; Afshar, M; Almadana Pacheco, V; Berlowitz, DJ; Borel, JC; Budweiser, S; Carrillo, A; Castro-Añón, O; Ferrer, M; Gagnadoux, F; Golpe, R; Hart, N; Howard, ME; Murphy, PB; Palm, A; Perez de Llano, LA; Piper, AJ; Pépin, JL; Priou, P; Sánchez-Gómez, JF; Soghier, I; Tamae Kakazu, M; Wilson, KC, Annals of the American Thoracic Society
  • Weight Loss Interventions as Treatment of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome: A Systematic Review. Tamae Kakazu, M; Soghier, I; Afshar, M; Brozek, JL; Wilson, KC; Masa, JF; Mokhlesi, B, Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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  • Development and application of a high throughput natural language processing architecture to convert all clinical documents in a clinical data warehouse into standardized medical vocabularies. Afshar, M; Dligach, D; Sharma, B; Cai, X; Boyda, J; Birch, S; Valdez, D; Zelisko, S; Joyce, C; Modave, F; Price, R, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA
  • Dietary Patterns Asthma, and Lung Function in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)., Han, YY; Jerschow, E; Forno, E; Hua, S; Mossavar-Rahmani, Y; Perreira, K; Sotres-Alvarez, D; Afshar, M; Punjabi, NM; Thyagarajan, B; Shivappa, N; Hébert, JR; Kaplan, RC; Celedón, JC, Annals of the American Thoracic Society
  • Evaluation and Management of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome. An Official American Thoracic Society Clinical Practice Guideline. Mokhlesi, B; Masa, JF; Brozek, JL; Gurubhagavatula, I; Murphy, PB; Piper, AJ; Tulaimat, A; Afshar, M; Balachandran, JS; Dweik, RA; Grunstein, RR; Hart, N; Kaw, R; Lorenzi-Filho, G; Pamidi, S; Patel, BK; Patil, SP; Pépin, JL; Soghier, I; Tamae Kakazu, M; Teodorescu, M, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
  • Identifying Novel Sepsis Subphenotypes Using Temperature Trajectories. Bhavani, SV; Carey, KA; Gilbert, ER; Afshar, M; Verhoef, PA; Churpek, MM, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
  • Natural language processing and machine learning to identify alcohol misuse from the electronic health record in trauma patients: development and internal validation. Afshar, M; Phillips, A; Karnik, N; Mueller, J; To, D; Gonzalez, R; Price, R; Cooper, R; Joyce, C; Dligach, D, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA
  • Noninvasive Ventilation versus CPAP as Initial Treatment of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome: A Systematic Review. Soghier, I; Brozek, JL; Afshar, M; Tamae Kakazu, M; Wilson, KC; Masa, JF; Mokhlesi, B, Annals of the American Thoracic Society
  • Outcomes in Burn-Injured Patients Who Develop Sepsis. Rech, MA; Mosier, MJ; McConkey, K; Zelisko, S; Netzer, G; Kovacs, EJ; Afshar, M, Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association
  • Patient Outcomes and Cost-Effectiveness of a Sepsis Care Quality Improvement Program in a Health System. Afshar, M; Arain, E; Ye, C; Gilbert, E; Xie, M; Lee, J; Churpek, MM; Durazo-Arvizu, R; Markossian, T; Joyce, C, Critical care medicine
  • Physician agreement on the diagnosis of sepsis in the intensive care unit: estimation of concordance and analysis of underlying factors in a multicenter cohort. Lopansri, BK; Miller Iii, RR; Burke, JP; Levy, M; Opal, S; Rothman, RE; D'Alessio, FR; Sidhaye, VK; Balk, R; Greenberg, JA; Yoder, M; Patel, GP; Gilbert, E; Afshar, M; Parada, JP; Martin, GS; Esper, AM; Kempker, JA; Narasimhan, M; Tsegaye, A; Hahn, S; Mayo, P; McHugh, L; Rapisarda, A; Sampson, D; Brandon, RA; Seldon, TA; Yager, TD; Brandon, RB, Journal of intensive care
  • Risk factors for infection and evaluation of Sepsis-3 in patients with trauma. Eguia, E; Cobb, AN; Baker, MS; Joyce, C; Gilbert, E; Gonzalez, R; Afshar, M; Churpek, MM, American Journal of Surgery
  • Self-reported alcohol use in the cystic fibrosis community. Lowery, EM; Afshar, M; West, N; Kovacs, EJ; Smith, B; Joyce, C, Journal of cystic fibrosis : official journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
  • Subtypes in patients with opioid misuse: A prognostic enrichment strategy using electronic health record data in hospitalized patients. Afshar, M; Joyce, C; Dligach, D; Sharma, B; Kania, R; Xie, M; Swope, K; Salisbury-Afshar, E; Karnik, NS, PLoS ONE
  • The Role of Positive Airway Pressure Therapy in Adults with Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Afshar, M; Brozek, JL; Soghier, I; Tamae Kakazu, M; Wilson, KC; Masa, JF; Mokhlesi, B, Annals of the American Thoracic Society
  • Toward a clinical text encoder: pretraining for clinical natural language processing with applications to substance misuse. Dligach, D; Afshar, M; Miller, T, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA
  • Validation of an Alcohol Misuse Classifier in Hospitalized Patients. To, D; Sharma, B; Karnik, N; Joyce, C; Dligach, D; Afshar, M, Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
  • A Computable Phenotype for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Using Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning. Afshar, M; Joyce, C; Oakey, A; Formanek, P; Yang, P; Churpek, MM; Cooper, RS; Zelisko, S; Price, R; Dligach, D, AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium
  • Age-related immune responses after burn and inhalation injury are associated with altered clinical outcomes Frankel, J. H.; Boe, D. M.; Albright, J. M.; O'Halloran, E. B.; Carter, S. R.; Davis, C. S.; Ramirez, L.; Burnham, E. L.; Gamelli, R. L.; Afshar, M.; Kovacs, E. J., Experimental gerontology
  • Effects of binge alcohol consumption on sleep and inflammation in healthy volunteers. Wilkinson, AN; Afshar, M; Ali, O; Bhatti, W; Hasday, JD; Netzer, G; Verceles, AC, The Journal of international medical research
  • Helping Patients With ESRD and Earlier Stages of CKD to Quit Smoking. Formanek, P; Salisbury-Afshar, E; Afshar, M, American Journal of Kidney Diseases : The Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
  • Impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid Expansion on Cancer Admissions and Surgeries. Eguia, E; Cobb, AN; Kothari, AN; Molefe, A; Afshar, M; Aranha, GV; Kuo, PC, Annals of Surgery
  • Injury Characteristics and von Willebrand Factor for the Prediction of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Patients With Burn Injury: Development and Internal Validation. Afshar, M; Burnham, EL; Joyce, C; Gagnon, R; Dunn, R; Albright, JM; Ramirez, L; Repine, JE; Netzer, G; Kovacs, EJ, Annals of Surgery
  • Optimal Cut-Points for Phosphatidylethanol Vary by Clinical Setting: Response to Nguyen and Seth's (2018) Letter to the Editor. Afshar, M; Burnham, EL; Joyce, C; Kovacs, EJ; Lowery, EM, Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
  • Racial and Ethnic Postoperative Outcomes After Surgery: The Hispanic Paradox. Eguia, E; Cobb, AN; Kirshenbaum, EJ; Afshar, M; Kuo, PC, The Journal of surgical research
  • Risk Factors and Outcomes of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Critically Ill Patients with Cirrhosis. Yang, P; Formanek, P; Scaglione, S; Afshar, M, Hepatology research : the official journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
  • Summary of the 2017 Alcohol and Immunology Research Interest Group (AIRIG) meeting. Hulsebus, HJ; Curtis, BJ; Molina, PE; Afshar, M; Boule, LA; Morris, N; Keshavarzian, A; Kolls, JK; Yeligar, SM; Price, ME; Wyatt, TA; Choudhry, MA; Kovacs, EJ, Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
  • Use of alcohol biomarkers to identify alcohol misuse in organ donors. Lowery, EM; Walsh, M; Yong, M; Kovacs, EJ; Joyce, C; Afshar, M, Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
  • Validation of a Host Response Assay Septicyte LAB, for Discriminating Sepsis from SIRS in the ICU, Miller Iii, R. R.; Lopansri, B. K.; Burke, J. P.; Levy, M.; Opal, S.; Rothman, R. E.; D'Alessio, F. R.; Sidhaye, V. K.; Aggarwal, N. R.; Balk, R.; Greenberg, J. A.; Yoder, M.; Patel, G.; Gilbert, E.; Afshar, M.; Parada, J. P.; Martin, G. S.; Esper, A. M.; Kempker, J. A.; Narasimhan, M.; Tsegaye, A.; Hahn, S.; Mayo, P.; van der Poll, T.; Schultz, M. J.; Scicluna, B. P.; Klein Klouwenberg, P.; Rapisarda, A.; Seldon, T. A.; McHugh, L. C.; Yager, T. D.; Cermelli, S.; Sampson, D.; Rothwell, V.; Newman, R.; Bhide, S.; Kirk, J. T.; Navalkar, K.; Davis, R. F.; Brandon, R. A.; Brandon, R. B., AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
  • A computable phenotype for asthma case identification in adult and pediatric patients: External validation in the Chicago Area Patient-Outcomes Research Network (CAPriCORN) Afshar, M.; Press, V. G.; Robison, R. G.; Kho, A. N.; Bandi, S.; Biswas, A.; Avila, P. C.; Kumar, H. V. M.; Yu, B.; Naureckas, E. T.; Nyenhuis, S. M.; Codispoti, C. D., The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
  • Alcohol is Not Protective against Mortality Following Traumatic Brain Injury Albrecht, J. S.; Afshar, M.; Stein, D. M.; Smith, G. S., American Journal of Epidemiology
  • Association of Serum Lipids and Obstructive Lung Disease in Hispanic/Latino Adults of Diverse Backgrounds Afshar, M.; Wu, D.; Durazo-Arvizu, R.; Aguilar, F. G.; Kalhan, R.; Davis, S. M.; Kaplan, R.; Klein, O. L.; Mende, E. P.; Pattany, M. S.; Daviglus, M. L., Journal of pulmonary & respiratory medicine
  • Comparison of Automated Methods Versus the American Burn Association Sepsis Definition to Identify Sepsis and Sepsis With Organ Dysfunction/Septic Shock in Burn-Injured Adults Rech, M. A.; Mosier, M. J.; Zelisko, S.; Netzer, G.; Kovacs, E. J.; Afshar, M., Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association
  • Cut-Point Levels of Phosphatidylethanol to Identify Alcohol Misuse in a Mixed Cohort Including Critically Ill Patients Afshar, M.; Burnham, E. L.; Joyce, C.; Clark, B. J.; Yong, M.; Gaydos, J.; Cooper, R. S.; Smith, G. S.; Kovacs, E. J.; Lowery, E. M., Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
  • Family Presence at First Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Subsequent Limitations on Care in the Medical Intensive Care Unit Krochmal, R. L.; Blenko, J. W.; Afshar, M.; Netzer, G.; Roy, S. C.; Wiegand, D. L.; Shanholtz, C. B., American Journal of Critical Care : An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
  • Letter to the Editor: Ding Q Wang Z, Shen M, Su Z, and Shen L (2017) Acute Alcohol Exposure and Risk of Mortality of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Afshar, M.; Albrecht, J. S., Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
  • The Contributing Risk of Tobacco Use for ARDS Development in Burn-Injured Adults With Inhalation Injury Afshar, M.; Netzer, G.; Mosier, M. J.; Cooper, R. S.; Adams, W.; Burnham, E. L.; Kovacs, E. J.; Durazo-Arvizu, R.; Kliethermes, S., Respiratory care
  • Advanced Age Alters Monocyte and Macrophage Responses Albright, J. M.; Dunn, R. C.; Shults, J. A.; Boe, D. M.; Afshar, M.; Kovacs, E., Antioxidants & redox signaling
  • Alveolar macrophage inflammatory mediator expression is elevated in the setting of alcohol use disorders O'Halloran, E. B.; Curtis, B. J.; Afshar, M.; Chen, M. M.; Kovacs, E. J.; Burnham, E. L., Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
  • Azithromycin use and outcomes in severe sepsis patients with and without pneumonia Afshar, M.; Foster, C. L.; Layden, J. E.; Burnham, E. L., Journal of critical care
  • Exhaled nitric oxide levels among adults with excessive alcohol consumption Afshar, M.; Poole, J. A.; Cao, G.; Durazo, R.; Cooper, R. C.; Kovacs, E. J.; Sisson, J. H., Chest
  • Ten-year Single Center Experience of Pulmonary Carcinoid Tumors and Diagnostic Yield of Bronchoscopic Biopsy Dixon, R. K.; Britt, E. J.; Netzer, G. A.; Afshar, M.; Burke, A.; Liu, S.; Jean, J.; Shah, N. G., LUNG
  • Trauma indices for prediction of acute respiratory distress syndrome Afshar, M.; Smith, G. S.; Cooper, R. S.; Murthi, S.; Netzer, G., The Journal of surgical research
  • Acute immunomodulatory effects of binge alcohol ingestion Afshar, M.; Richards, S.; Mann, D.; Cross, A.; Smith, G. B.; Netzer, G.; Kovacs, E.; Hasday, J., Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome and outcomes after near hanging Mansoor, S.; Afshar, M.; Barrett, M.; Smith, G. S.; Barr, E. A.; Lissauer, M. E.; McCurdy, M. T.; Murthi, S. B.; Netzer, G., The American Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • Alcohol exposure injury, and death in trauma patients, Afshar, M.; Netzer, G.; Murthi, S.; Smith, G. S., The journal of trauma and acute care surgery
  • Injured patients with very high blood alcohol concentrations Afshar, M.; Netzer, G.; Salisbury-Afshar, E.; Murthi, S.; Smith, G. S., Injury
  • Blood alcohol content injury severity, and adult respiratory distress syndrome, Afshar, M.; Smith, G. S.; Terrin, M. L.; Barrett, M.; Lissauer, M. E.; Mansoor, S.; Jeudy, J.; Netzer, G., The journal of trauma and acute care surgery
  • Half of the family members of critically ill patients experience excessive daytime sleepiness Verceles, A. C.; Corwin, D. S.; Afshar, M.; Friedman, E. B.; McCurdy, M. T.; Shanholtz, C.; Oakjones, K.; Zubrow, M. T.; Titus, J.; Netzer, G., Intensive care medicine
  • The international epidemiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome: how can we think locally and measure globally?* Afshar, M.; Netzer, G., Critical care medicine
  • Update in critical care for the nephrologist: transfusion in nonhemorrhaging critically ill patients Afshar, M.; Netzer, G., Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Nonpharmacologic approach to minimizing shivering during surface cooling: a proof of principle study Shah, N. G.; Cowan, M. J.; Pickering, E.; Sareh, H.; Afshar, M.; Fox, D.; Marron, J.; Davis, J.; Herold, K.; Shanholtz, C. B.; Hasday, J. D., Journal of critical care
  • Pulmonary hypertension in elderly patients with diastolic dysfunction and preserved ejection fraction Afshar, M.; Collado, F.; Doukky, R., The open cardiovascular medicine journal
  • Narrative review: tetanus-a health threat after natural disasters in developing countries Afshar, M.; Raju, M.; Ansell, D.; Bleck, T. P., Annals of Internal Medicine
  • A 74-year-old man with an enlarging pleural-based mass that was not a mesothelioma Afshar, M.; Kim, A. W.; Liptay, M. J.; Leyenson, V.; Wirtz, W.; Kahan, E.; Ries, M., The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon