Some patients have severe blockage of their legs that is not amenable to treatment by angioplasty or stenting. For these patients, peripheral bypass surgery may be recommended.
Peripheral artery bypass surgery is performed in the operating room under general anesthesia. During the procedure, blood flow is diverted around the blocked arteries in the leg. This is performed by using either a small vein in the leg or a piece of plastic tubing. Loyola’s hybrid operating room allows us to combine both open and endovascular procedures. This technology benefits patients who require both placement of a stent and a surgical bypass. Bypassing the blocked artery restores blood flow to the foot, which can heal wounds, or relieve pain the patient experiences while walking or in the feet at night.
Following the surgery, an overnight stay is required in the intensive care unit. The length of hospital stay usually ranges from three days to a week.